Bullfrog -- Lithobates catesbeianus
on croaking and mosquito-rich environments, i am reminded that Cromwell died in 1658 ... from malaria. he refused to be "Jesuited" with the bark-juice palliative from Peru whose use had been spreading among Catholic Europeans since its "discovery" by Jesuit priests among Spanish new world conquerors. in 1670 the apothecary Robert Talbor publicly warned against using the 'Jesuit's powders', while privately employing it to cure the primary beneficiary of Cromwell's death, Charles II of England, and later, the ailing son of Louis XIV. the French king paid 3000 gold crowns for the secret cure, which came with a stipulation that it's source could not be revealed until after Talbor's death. for more on quinine and Cinchona plant history, see Carl Linnaeus, Charles Ledger, Manuel Incra, Raymond Fosberg et al.